How To Grow Cucumbers Vertically

Cucumber plants are usually grown from seedlings or cuttings. They can also be propagated through grafting. Cucumber plants are usually planted in rows.

The seeds are sown in trays filled with soil and kept moist until they sprout roots. Once the roots are established, the plant is transplanted into individual pots.

How To Grow Cucumbers Vertically

The best time to transplant cucumbers is when the weather is warm enough for them to handle it without getting too cold. This will help prevent any stress on the plant during the transplant process.

Typically, cucumbers are grown on the ground, but you can grow them vertically and this method offers you lots of benefits. 

In this article, we will help you grow your cucumbers vertically. 

How To Grow Cucumber Plants

Step 1: Choose Your Location

The first step in growing cucumbers is choosing a location that’s well-lit and protected from wind. You should choose an area that gets full sun but not direct sunlight. It’s important to keep the soil around the base of the plant damp so that it doesn’t dry out.

You should also make sure that there’s plenty of space between each row of plants. A minimum distance of 18 inches (45 cm) is recommended.

Step 2: Prepare the Soil

Before you start planting your cucumbers, you need to prepare the soil. Remove weeds and debris from the area where you plan to grow your cucumbers. Then dig up a hole about 3 feet wide by 4 feet long.

Mix together some compost and garden soil in equal parts. Add some fertilizer if needed. Make sure the soil has good drainage. Water thoroughly to get rid of excess dirt.

Step 3: Plant Seeds In Pots

Fill your containers with potting mix. Sow the seeds evenly across the surface of the soil. Cover the seeds with more soil and water lightly. Keep the soil damp, but don’t let it sit completely wet.

Cover the container with plastic wrap or a clear plastic bag. Place the pots in a sunny spot outdoors. Check daily to see how much light the plants have access to.

Keep the soil moist, but not saturated. When the plants begin to germinate, remove the plastic cover. Continue watering as needed.

Step 4: Transplant Into Rows

When the plants reach 6 inches tall, you can transplant them into their permanent home. Use a spade to loosen the soil around the root ball.

Lift the plant carefully and replant it into its new bed. This is the time to tie your plants onto a trellis or pergola. 

Water the plants after planting to settle the soil around the roots. Don’t overdo it, though! Too much moisture will cause the plants to rot.

Growing Cucumbers Vertically On A Trellis

Growing Cucumbers Vertically On A Trellis

The ideal trellis should be around 5 to 7 feet tall, and you should make sure that it is properly secured into the raised bed or ground.

This method will work for both A frame trellises or flat trellis. Once your trellis is in position, then you can plant your cucumber plants in that area. 

Ideally, you should be planting your cucumber plants around 12 inches apart from one another. Then you can loosely tie each plant to sections of the trellis.

Tie the plant using garden twine, as this will cause no damage to the plant itself. By tying it to a trellis you are encouraging the plant to grow vertically. 

Growing Cucumbers Vertically On A Pergola

This method is very similar to the method we have just described with the trellis. Attempting to grow cucumbers vertically using a pergola is one of the easiest methods that you can use and makes harvesting the cucumbers really easy as well.

This is because the fruit will hang down from the roof. All you need to do is cut the fruit off when it is ripe. 

Similar to the trellis method, plant your cucumber plants at the foot of the pergola and tie them to the pergola using garden twine.

As the plants grow vertically, continue to secure the planet of the pergola using garden twine. This will guide them upwards and to the roof of the pergola. 

Growing Cucumbers Vertically Using Supports

You can continue to grow your cucumber plants in large pots or in raised beds and create a cone like structure.

Then you can attach your plants to these supports with garden twine. As your plant continues to grow vertically, you will need to tie new parts of the plant to the structure. 

Provide Light & Care

It takes three months for cucumber plants to become mature. During this period, you must provide adequate lighting.

Cucumbers need bright light to produce fruit. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves. You can use fluorescent lights or grow lamps to give the plants the right amount of light.

If you live in a climate with harsh winters, you may want to protect the plants with a greenhouse.

Growing Tips

For best results, follow these tips while growing cucumbers.

Start seeds indoors four to six weeks before the last frost date, and seeds should sprout within 10 to 14 days.

Then only transplant seedlings outside when all danger of frost has passed. Cucumber plants are most productive when temperatures remain above 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Transplanted plants should be watered regularly during dry spells. We suggest you use floating row covers to help keep insects away. The first few harvests will yield small fruits that taste like zucchini. As the plants mature, the fruits will increase in size.

By growing vertically, you will increase the yield of the amount of cucumbers you will produce by 3 times more.

Also, it decreases your plants contracting diseases and rotting. Besides, as the fruit is produced higher up, then you don’t have to worry about animals or insects eating your produce. 


Cucumbers are an easy vegetable to grow, and they require little care once they are planted. They also make a great addition to any veggie garden.

It is really easy and beneficial to grow cucumbers vertically, and there are multiple ways that you can do it as well. 

We hope that you enjoyed learning about growing cucumbers vertically.